Meng-Han Tsai, PhDDr. Meng-Han Tsai

Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine

Cancer Prevention, Control, & Population Health Program

Medicine College of Georgia at Augusta University

Research Summary

Dr. Tsai’s research interests are broadly related to health disparities with the following major research threads: (1) racial /ethnic disparities, (2) cancer prevention and control, and (3) access to care and health care utilization. Her early research topics include discussing utilization and cancer prevention on colonoscopy screening and surveillance, utilization of emergency room, and development of patient interview tool for ambulance use among stroke patients. She has several years of experience with data management, SAS programming and analysis of clinical data with multi-level nested units of analysis. She has experiences on cancer registry, national survey, electronic medical record (EMR), Medicare claim, and longitudinal data as well. She also has conducted research focuses on cancer screening prevention and control among the Latino population in an agricultural community, California. Currently, Dr. Tsai research focuses on the time trends of colorectal cancer incidence/mortality, predictors of cancer survival, and the impact of social determinant of health on cancer prevention, outcome, and survival. Her long-term goal of research is to increase the awareness of cancer prevention and improve healthcare access among minority/underserved populations through community-based research setting, especially for those impacted by colorectal cancer.

Contact Us

Meng-Han Tsai, PhD

Health Sciences Campus

Georgia Cancer Center - M. Bert Storey Research Building

CN-2154

(706) 721-0295

metsai@augusta.edu

Research Projects & Interests

Cancer screening utilization and follow-up among Latino population

Dr. Tsai has focused on identifying health beliefs, cultural mediators, socio-environmental determinants, and healthcare delivery system factors that would explain the cancer screening utilization and follow-up among the Latino population in an agricultural community. Cancer screening use includes breast, cervical, prostate, and colorectal cancer. The findings from this project will inform the direction for future intervention research that ultimately can increase community knowledge of the benefits afforded by cancer early detection and timely treatment. Dr. Tsai and her colleague also integrated this project components into social justice and global health course in spring 2020.

  • Dr. Tsai serves as co-investigator for Study of Latino Cancer Screening and Follow-up in a Remote Agricultural Community-SOLCS funded by California State University-Monterey Bay.
  • Dr. Tsai serves as co-principal investigator for Community-engaged research, scholarship course development funded by California State University-Monterey Bay.

Cancer risk perception among Black men

Dr. Tsai has used a self-administered questionnaire and was conducted in five cities in the State of Florida: Jacksonville, Miami, Orlando, Tallahassee, and Tampa. This research is to examine the socio-economic status and other socio-demographic characteristics, health care utilization patterns, disease prevention activities, and a personal and family history of CRC or other chronic health conditions among Black men that are associated with screening use. Particularly, she and her collaborators apply the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) to examine CRC risk perceptions in relationship to Black male subjective norms and CRC screening behaviors.

Colorectal cancer outcome and survivorship (under preparation)

Dr. Tsai will utilize cancer registry data from SEER program to examine the time trends of CRC and predictors of cancer survival across public health districts in the State of Georgia. Dr. Tsai is currently developing this project.

The impact of family history of CRC on the utilization of colonoscopy screening among the US adults.

Dr. Tsai has focused on the utilization of colonoscopy screening among adults with family history of colorectal cancer (CRC), using National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data. She also examined racial disparities in Colonoscopy screening of adults with a family history of CRC. These studies suggested that patient navigation programs to reach out to younger first-degree relatives (FDRs) and less educated African Americans.

Selected Publications

Additional NIH Bibliography Here

Cabral, D.N., Tsai, M.H., Gishe, J, Dagne, G.A. Colorectal Cancer Risk Perceptions in Black Men. In review, Cancer Causes and Control (February 2022).

Tsai, M.H., Cabral, D. Exploratory Study of Cervical Cancer Screening among Latinas in a Remote Agricultural Community, submitted to 13th American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, October 2-4, 2020.

Tsai, M.H., Xirasagar, S., Carroll, S., Bryan, C.S., Gallagher, P.J., Davis, K., Jauch, E.C. Reducing High-users’ Visits to the Emergency Department (ED) by a Primary Care Intervention for the Uninsured – A Retrospective Study. Inquiry.2018; 55:46958018763917.

Tsai, M.H., Xirasagar, S., de Groen, P.C. Persisting Racial Disparities in Colonoscopy Screening of Persons with a Family History of Colorectal Cancer. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2018; 5(4):737-746.

Tsai, M.H., Xirasagar, S., Li, Y.J., de Groen, P.C. Colonoscopy Screening Among US Adults Aged 40 or Older With a Family History of Colorectal Cancer. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 May; 12:E80.