Black History Month in February celebrates the contributions that African Americans have made to American history in their struggles for freedom and equality.
The theme for 2019 is "Black Migrations." The Association for the Study of African American Life and History says the theme will focus on "the movement of African Americans to new destinations and subsequently to new social realities."
In 1915, historian and author Dr. Carter G. Woodson founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (now known as the Association for the Study of African American Life and History). In February 1926, Woodson and his organization initiated the first Negro History Week.
In 1975, President Ford urged all Americans to observe Black History Week. The following year, the Association fo the Study of Negro Life and History expanded this celebration of black history to Black History Month, and President Ford followed suit.