Department of Cellular Biology and Anatomy
Office: R&E Building CB2815
Research Laboratory CB2905
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1992 - Tongji Medical University, PhD.; Specialty: Pediatric Infectious Diseases
1988 - Tongji Medical University, MS; Specialty: Pediatric Infectious Diseases
1985 - Hubei Medical University, MD; Specialty: Medicine
1996 - 2000 - Dept. of Cellular and Structural Biology, Univ. of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
1992 -1995 - Division of infectious diseases, Dept. of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical University, China
The primary objective of our research program is to understand the pathogenesis of cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus ocular infections by using mouse models and organatypic retinal culture models. Our current work includes the investigation of the role of autophagy and inflammasome in innate immune responses and neuron death and design minimally invasive treatment protocols which inhibit ongoing viral infections or enhance innate immune response. We will also determine the site and mechanism of RIP3 activation and its relationship to the innate immune response involving NFkB and the inflamasome, which will help define the role played by RIP3 in death of uninfected bystander retinal cells which could occur either through direct effects such as necroptosis or indirect effects such as apoptosis induced by molecules downstream of the inflammasome, NFkB.
Principal Investigator: Retina Research Foundation, Pilot Study Grant, "Autophagy
and NLRP3 Inflammasomes in Acute Retinal Necrosis"
Principal Investigator: Culver Vision Discovery Institute of Augusta University , Pilot Study Grant, "The therapeutic effect of autophagy-inducing peptide Tat- beclin 1 in ocular HSV-1 infection"
Principal Investigator: Fight for Sight, Grant-InAid, "The therapeutic and preventive effect of IE3 specific SiRNA in MCMV retinitis"
Principal Investigator: Augusta University, Pilot Study Research Program (PSRP), "Pathogen esis and Therapy of MCMV Retinitis1. Pilot Study Grant from Retinal Research"
Zhang M, Xin H, Duan Y, Atherton SS. Ocular Reactivation of MCMV after Immunosuppression of Latently Infected BALB/c Mice. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 46:252-8.
Zhang M, Xin H, Roon P, Atherton SS. Infection of retinal neurons during murine cytomegalovirus retinitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005;46(6):2047-55.
Zhang M, Xin H, Atherton SS. Murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) spreads to and replicates in the retina after endotoxin-induced disruption of the blood-retinal barrier of immunosuppressed BALB/c mice. J Neurovirol. 2005;11:365-75.
Fields M, Zhang M, Atherton SS. Tumor necrosis factor alpha and macrophages in the brain of herpes simplex virus type 1-infected BALB/c mice. J Neurovirol. 2006;12:443-455.
Zhang M, Zhou J, Marshall B, Xin H, Atherton SS. Lack of iNOS facilitates MCMV spread in the retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007;48:285-292.
Zhou J, Zhang M, and Atherton SS. Tumor necrosis faculty alpha (TNF-α) induced apoptosis in murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) retinitis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48:1691-1700.
Zhang M, Marshall B, Atherton SS. Murine cytomegalovirus infection and apoptosis in organotypic retinal cultures. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49:295-303.
Gnana JP, Zhang M, Martin P, Atherton SS, Smith SB, and Ganapathy V. Expression of iron regulatory protein hemojuvelin in retina and its regulation during cytomegalovirus infection. Biochem. J. 2009;419:533-543.
Marshall B, Zhang M. and Atherton SS. The effect of murine cytomegalovirus IE-3 specific shRNA is dependent on intragenic target site due to multiple transcription initiation sites. Herpesviridae. 2011;2:9.
Zhang M, Covar J, Marshall B, Dong Z, Atherton SS. Lack of TNF-alpha promotes caspase-3-independent apoptosis during murine cytomegalovirus retinitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:1800-1808.
Gnana-Prakasam, JP, Ananth S, Prasad PD, Zhang M, Atherton SS, Martin PM, Smith SB, Ganapathy V. Expression and iron-dependent regulation of succinate receptor GPR91 in retinal pigment epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:3751-8.
Zhang M, Covar J, Zhang YN, Marshall B, Mo J, Atherton SS. Virus spread and immune response following anterior chamber inoculation of HSV-1 lacking the Beclin-Binding Domain (BBD). J Neuroimmunol. 2013;260:82-91.
Mo J, Zhang M, Smith S, Marshall B, Atherton SS. Interplay of autophagy and apoptosis during MCMV infection of RPE cells. Molecular Vision. 2014;20:1161-1173.
Marshall B, Mo J, Covar J, Atherton SS, Zhang M. Decrease of Murine Cytomegalovirus Induced Retinitis by Intravenous Delivery of Immediate Early Protein-3 Specific siRNA. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014;55:4151-7.
Mo J, Marshall B, Covar J, Smith SB, Atherton SS, Zhang M. Role of Bax in death of uninfected retinal cells during murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) retinitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014; 55:7137-46.